Perú: el país con más esclavos en América del Sur

Perú: el país con más esclavos en América del Sur

October 18, 2013

By Rachel Chase

New statistics indicate that Peru is home to the second-highest amount of slaves in all of Latin America.

Modern slavery a reality in Peru
(Photo: Harmony Foundation)

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Historical slavery, as members of modern society understand it, was abolished in Peru in 1856 by President Ramon Castilla. However, slavery continues to affect tens of thousands of people in Peru.

The Walk Free Foundation (WFF) has released estimates that indicate that as many as 82,000 people may currently be living in slavery in Peru. According the WFF’s World Slavery Index, Perú is the country with the second-highest amount of slaves in all of Latin America. Haiti is home to the highest number of slaves in the region.

“A lot of people are surprised to hear that slavery still exists,” Walk Free Foundation director, Nick Grono told Agence France-Presse. “Modern slavery reflects all of the characteristics of historical slavery. People are controlled through violence. They are tricked, or they’re forced to carry out labor or put in a situation where they are exploited economically.”

The study published by the WFF took into account a number of factors and kinds of slavery, including forced marriage and child labor. Victims of the practice of modern slavery are also often used for hard labor or forced sex work.

According to the US State Department, Peru is a regional hot spot for slavery and human trafficking. Peru is simultaneously a destination, a source, and a transit point for victims of human trafficking.

 

About Gabriel Arriarán

Es el director de Frontera Pirata. Licenciado en antropología por la PUCP, MsC in Social Anthropology por el LSE. Trabajó como reportero en LaMula.pe, fue colaborador de la revista Frontera D, en España, y de la plataforma de periodismo de investigación Convoca.pe, en Perú. Fue uno de los periodistas que participó de la investigación de los Panama Papers. Escribe sobre la actual fiebre del oro en la Amazonía, e investiga casos de trata de personas asociados a las mafias de la minería ilegal.